The Pandeiro and the Atabaque are two instruments that play an important role in the capoeira roda. They accompany the berimbau and provide the beat and rhythm.
The pandeiro is a round, handheld instrument with jingles on the side similar to a tambourine.
The atabaque is a large drum similar in size to a congo but with a much deeper and raw sound.
With your left hand, hold the body firmly and use your right hand to strike. You can also practice this without the pandeiro by striking the palm of your left hand or a flat object.
In the capoeira roda, the pandeiro is struck in the following repeated pattern:
Thumb, Palm, Thumb, Finger, Wrist, Finger
This sequence is repeated throughout but variations can be added as long as it is in the same time, and reverts to, the basic sequence.
It is struck with both hands cupped.
To practice with rhythm, try the following sequence:
(L=Left hand / R=Right hand)
Rim (R), Rim (L), Face (R), Face (L)
In the capoeira roda, the atabaque is struck in the following repeated pattern:
Rim (R), Face (R), Rim (R), Rim (R), Face (L)
As with the pandeiro, variations can also be added as long as it is in the same time, and reverts to, the basic sequence.
Each instrument has a specific way to play, and when done so in the roda, they must complement each other and must not be played louder than the berimbau.