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The Pandeiro and the Atabaque are two instruments that play an important role in the capoeira roda. They accompany the berimbau and provide the beat and rhythm.

The pandeiro is a round, handheld instrument with jingles on the side similar to a tambourine.

The atabaque is a large drum similar in size to a congo but with a much deeper and raw sound.

pandeiro and atabaques

The pandeiro has 4 basic strikes.

With your left hand, hold the body firmly and use your right hand to strike. You can also practice this without the pandeiro by striking the palm of your left hand or a flat object.

  1. Thumb strike (on the face, close to the rim)
  2. Palm strike (on the face)
  3. Finger strike (on the face, close to the rim)
  4. Wrist strike (on the rim)

Batida de Pandeiro (Basic sounds)

In the capoeira roda, the pandeiro is struck in the following repeated pattern:

Thumb, Palm, Thumb, Finger, Wrist, Finger

Capoeira Pandeiro

This sequence is repeated throughout but variations can be added as long as it is in the same time, and reverts to, the basic sequence.

Pandeiro basic Variations

The atabaque has 2 strikes.

It is struck with both hands cupped.

  1. Rim strike (hand bounces off to provide reverb)
  2. Face strike (hand pauses momentarily to stop reverb)

Atabaque beats

To practice with rhythm, try the following sequence:
(L=Left hand / R=Right hand)

Rim (R), Rim (L), Face (R), Face (L)

Drills to improve atabaque

In the capoeira roda, the atabaque is struck in the following repeated pattern:

Rim (R), Face (R), Rim (R), Rim (R), Face (L)

Atabaque Play

As with the pandeiro, variations can also be added as long as it is in the same time, and reverts to, the basic sequence.

Atabaque with basic variations

Each instrument has a specific way to play, and when done so in the roda, they must complement each other and must not be played louder than the berimbau.

Pandeiro and Atabaque

LEARN TO PLAY ON PANDEIRO AND ATABAQUE WITH US!
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